“Gabriel Kuhn’s first-class quantity illuminates a profound worldwide innovative second, during which outstanding rules and debates lit the sky.”
—Marcus Rediker, writer of Villains of all international locations and The Slave Ship “This striking assortment, skillfully edited via Gabriel Kuhn, brings to lifestyles that almost all pivotal of revolutions, crackling with the acrid smell of road combating, rebel hopes, and eventually defeat… In an period brimming with anticapitalist aspirations, those pages ring with that also unmet innovative promise of a higher international: i used to be, i'm, I shall be.”
—Sasha Lilley, writer of Capital and Its Discontents and coauthor of Catastrophism The German Revolution erupted out of the ashes of worldwide warfare I, brought on through mutinying sailors refusing to be sacrificed within the ultimate carnage of the warfare. whereas the Social Democrats grabbed energy, radicals around the state rallied to set up a communist society less than the slogan "All energy to the Councils!" The Spartacus League introduced an rebellion in Berlin, council republics have been proclaimed in Bremen and Bavaria, and workers' revolts shook quite a few German cities. but in an act that might tragically form the process background, the Social Democratic executive overwhelmed the rebellions with assistance from right-wing militias, paving the best way for the ill-fated Weimar Republic—and finally the ascension of the Nazis.This definitive documentary background collects manifestos, speeches, articles, and letters from the German Revolution—Rosa Luxemburg, the innovative Stewards, and Gustav Landauer among others—introduced and annotated via the editor. Many files, equivalent to the anarchist Erich Mühsam's complete account of the Bavarian Council Republic, are provided right here in English for the 1st time. the quantity additionally comprises fabrics from the purple Ruhr military that repelled the reactionary Kapp Putsch in 1920 and the communist bandits that roamed japanese Germany till 1921. All strength to the Councils! offers a dynamic and bright photograph of a time of significant wish and devastating betrayal. “Drawing on newly exposed fabric via pioneering archival old study, Gabriel Kuhn’s robust ebook at the German workers’ councils circulate is vital analyzing to figuring out the future of democratic employee regulate today.”
—Immanuel Ness, Graduate middle for employee schooling, Brooklyn College “An imperative source on a world-historic event.”
—Lucien van der Walt, Rhodes collage, South Africa
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Additional info for All Power to the Councils!: A Documentary History of the German Revolution of 1918-1919
We were determined to free the sailors. On November 1, the ombudsmen who had escaped arrest met at the union hall in Kiel. They issued a declaration demanding the immediate release of their arrested comrades. It was decided to hold another meeting at the union hall the next day. We announced a magician’s show to mislead the authorities. However, the navy leadership must have been informed about our plans: when we arrived at the building, the gates were guarded by security forces prohibiting all soldiers from entering.
In comparison to the Revolutionary Stewards, the Spartacists are well known internationally, not least due to the popularity of Rosa Luxemburg’s writings. At 29 All Power to the Councils! times, this leads to exaggerating the Spartacists’ role in the German Revolution. However, that they were a crucial force is without doubt. 4 1. 2. 3. 30 Richard Müller, Vom Kaiserreich zur Republik: Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der revolutionären Arbeiterbewegung während des Weltkriegs [From the Kaiserreich to the Republic: A Contribution to the History of the Revolutionary Workers’ Movement During the World War] (Vienna: Malik, 1924), 125–126.
By this time, the crowds of war workers were streaming into the streets. It is regretted to have to state the fact that sections of the workers were still waiting for a call from their anti-revolutionary leaders, and had to be forced to be free. Their behaviour, as also was their leaders’ and the bulk of “the white collar proletarians,” was consciously—or unconsciously—reactionary during this period. Events moved quickly. Big demonstrations took place and processions converged at the training ground.
All Power to the Councils!: A Documentary History of the German Revolution of 1918-1919