By W.F. Vallicella
The middle of philosophy is metaphysics, and on the center of the guts lie questions about life. what's it for any contingent factor to exist? Why does any contingent factor exist? name those the character query and the floor query, respectively. the 1st issues the character of the lifestyles of the contingent existent; the second one issues the floor of the contingent existent. either questions are historical, and but perennial of their allure; either have presided over the burial of such a lot of in their would-be undertakers that it's a stable induction that they are going to proceed to take action. For it slow now, the popular variety in addressing such questions has been deflationary whilst it has no longer been eliminativist. Ask Willard Quine what lifestyles is, and you may listen that "Existence is what existential quantification expresses. "! Ask Bertrand Russell what it truly is for someone to exist, and he'll inform you that someone can not more exist than it may be a variety of: there 2 simply isn't any such factor because the lifestyles of people. and naturally Russell's eliminativist solution means that one can't even ask, on ache of succumbing to the fallacy of advanced query, why any contingent person exists: if no person exists, there should be no doubt why any one exists. let alone Russell's modal corollary: 'contingent' and 'necessary' can in basic terms be acknowledged de dicto (of propositions) and never de re (of things).
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Extra info for A Paradigm Theory of Existence: Onto-Theology Vindicated
Correspondingly, the sense of 'chair' is the same in 'wheelchair,' 'electric chair,' etc. ' Thus an easy chair is designed with relaxation in mind, unlike an electric chair where the object is quite different. As a second example, consider that 'smoke' has the same sense in 'smoke a pipe' and 'smoke a cigarette,' although the ways of smoking are different. One smokes a pipe by tasting smoke without inhaling it, whereas with cigarettes, especially those whose active ingredient is cannabis sativa, the point is to inhale.
A positive answer to the ground question is one that specifies a ground of the existence of contingent individuals. A unified positive answer to the two questions is one that answers the ground question in a positive manner by way of answering the nature question. Thus our project is to answer the question as to what it is for an individual to exist, and in so doing answer the question as to why contingent individuals exist. How is such a thing possible? How is it possible for a specification of what it is for an individual to exist to amount to an explanation of why it exists?
How can it be a mountain without having some height, and without having a definite height? How can incomplete items be actual? And what prevents the golden mountain from having more than exactly two properties? Consider a related question. What prevents the incomplete perceptual object, the purple mountain in the distance, from having more properties than those I now see it to have? The natural answer is that the incompleteness or finitude of the perceptual object is brought about by the finitude of the knowing subject, or perhaps the finitude essential to perceptual consciousness as such.
A Paradigm Theory of Existence: Onto-Theology Vindicated by W.F. Vallicella