By Jan Gonda
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Additional info for A History of Indian Literature - Vol. I: Veda and Upanishads - Fasc. 1: Vedic Literature (Samhitas and Brahmanas)
B. CHATJDHARI, The position of women in the Vedic ritual, Thesis London 1934 (and elsewhere: DANDEKAB, V. B. I, p. 167). g. H. , p. 2. 39 Cf. also BLOOMFIELD, at JAOS 21, p. 45. 26 J. Gonda • Vedic Literature 4. Development of 'schools'; appendices and ancillary literature Bloomfield1 was no doubt in the main right in drawing attention to the poets' awareness of the fact that Rgvedic composition stretched over a long period2 preceding their own time. "The Rgveda is the final expression of its own type of composition" and it is, consequently, often easy to point out signs of relative lateness, but extremely difficult to find any hymns which show positive signs of coming from the period when hymns of the Vedic variety were first composed.
Introduction to the Veda in general and the Rgveda in particular 27 Oldenberg13, adopting the method of statistical calculations in order to delimit the so-called popular portions of the Rgveda, found that also those parts of the corpus which were not in his view later additions, showed some peculiarities, for instance in their metrical structure. After him Arnold14 took upon himself to examine these metrical differences. " His conclusions did not win general acceptance. It was rightly observed15 that they take no account of the fact that the so-called popular hymns contain much that is old; that they did not recognize that poems antique in form may yet be late in date16; that they are not free from discrepancies and not always consistent with other evidence17.
214; 35, p. 165 mandala VIII, without being the oldest part of the Rgveda, gives evidence of the relations with the prehistoric 'asianic' culture of the 14th cent. ). According to HOPKINS mandala V has an intermediate position between VIII and the other family books. 20 S. K . B E L V A L K A R , i n 2 A I O C (1923), p . 1 1 . 21 See p . 3 2 . 28 J- Gonda • Vedic Literature Basing himself on a comparison between obsolete and productive words Poucha22 arrived at conclusions which, though perhaps probable in some of their main lines, cannot claim finality in many particulars23.
A History of Indian Literature - Vol. I: Veda and Upanishads - Fasc. 1: Vedic Literature (Samhitas and Brahmanas) by Jan Gonda